Slow Scintillation Suppression in Yttrium Doped BaF_2 Crystals
Barium fluoride (BaF_2) crystal has a fast scintillation light peaked at 195 and 220 nm with a sub-ns decay time. This ultrafast scintillation promises a wide application in an area where extreme fast timing is important, such as future high-energy physics experiments, gigahertz hard X-ray imaging, and time-of-flight positron emission tomography. BaF_2 crystal, however, has also a slow scintillation component peaked at 310 nm with a decay time of about 600 ns, which causes pileup. Suppression of the slow scintillation component by selective doping, such as Ce, La, Tm, and Y, was discussed 20 years ago. In this paper, we report suppression of the slow component in BaF_2 crystals by yttrium doping. Single crystals with 1 at% Y doping were grown by vacuum Bridgman technique at the Shanghai Institute of Ceramics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China. Their radioluminescence, optical transmittance, light output, fast/slow ratio, decay kinetics, and light response uniformity were measured. The results show that 1 at% Y doping suppresses the slow scintillation component in BaF 2crystals by a factor of 6, while the fast component remains unaffected.