A Method for Calibration of the Local Magnitude Scale Based on Relative Spectral Amplitudes, and Application to the San Juan Bautista, California, Area
We develop and use a spectral empirical Green's function approach to estimate the relative source amplitudes of earthquakes near San Juan Bautista, California. We isolate the source amplitudes from path effects by comparing the recorded spectra of pairs of events with similar location and focal mechanism, without computing the path effect. With this method, we estimate the relative moments of 1600 M 1.5–4 local earthquakes, and we use these moments to recalibrate the duration magnitude scale in this region. The estimated moments of these small earthquakes increase with catalog magnitude M_D roughly proportionally to 10^(1.1M_D), slightly more slowly than a moment‐magnitude scaling of 10^(1.5M_w). This more accurate magnitude scaling can be used in analyses of the local earthquakes, such as comparisons between the seismic moments and geodetic observations.
Additional Information© 2016 Seismological Society of America. First Published on December 20, 2016. We thank Grzegorz Kwiatek and two anonymous reviewers for useful comments on the article.
Published - 85.full.pdf