Predicting the seismic behavior of multiblock tower structures using the level set discrete element method
In this paper a modeling method is validated at multiple scales for the seismic performance of multiblock tower structure (MTS). MTS are a proposed concept for large-capacity gravitational energy storage that will enable renewable energy sources. The structure modeled is a tower of 7144 nominally identical blocks arranged in a 38-layered annular pattern with no adhesive mechanisms between the blocks or the blocks and the foundation. The level set discrete element method is used to model the dynamics of the tower structure experiencing a ground motion. Experimental determination of each model parameter is shown from the use of individual blocks before construction. Close comparisons to experimental results are shown for the dynamic motion of the tower over a full ground motion time history for multiple scales, materials and ground motions. When the tower was brought to failure, the two ground motions used produced distinct failure modes of the tower showing both a peeling and buckling behavior. Both the effect of the friction coefficient and unequal block heights are investigated. Friction coefficient has a noticeable effect on the amplitude of motion of the tower while the unevenness of the block heights affects mostly the structural speed.
© 2023 John Wiley & Sons. DATA AVAILABILITY STATEMENT. The data that support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request.