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Published June 2011 | public
Book Section - Chapter

A microfluidic blood-clogging valve for on-chip blood analysis


The lack of simple but reliable microvalves is still a serious problem for many lab-on-a-chip applications. This work studied the use of blood coagulation, the transformation of liquid blood into solid coagulum, as a possible valving mechanism for microfluidic control and demonstrated a one-time open-to-close valve. This is done by creating a solidified blood coagulum, which clogs a normally-open fluidic channel as a closed valve. Local thermal coagulation is demonstrated using a focused laser for blood heating. This clogging valve can withstand a back pressure of 22 psig or higher and its simple structure is well-suited for disposable devices.

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© 2011 IEEE.

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