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Published August 1, 1996 | Published
Journal Article Open

Visible and Far-Ultraviolet WFPC2 Imaging of the Nucleus of the Galaxy NGC 205


We have imaged the nucleus of NGC 205 through the F555W and F160BW filters of WFPC2 on the high-resolution planetary camera (PC). The nucleus consists of a resolved cluster of stars extending 7" X 6". The projected radial distribution of surface brightness can be fitted by a Hubble law with a small core of FWHM 214 x 190 mas (0.74 x 0.66 pc). We find that the nucleus of NGC 205 shares a number of characteristics with globular clusters. Absolute photometry is also presented in a half-arcsec aperture and is found to verify the amount of UV upturn observed in the spectral energy distribution of the nucleus by others (e.g., Bertola et al. 1995). Of the hypotheses available to explain the origin of the nucleus, the observations are most consistent with its being an intermediate age cluster. The most likely scenarios are that it is a either a star cluster whose orbit has decayed-therefore drawing it to rest at the galaxy center-or a cluster that has formed as the repository of the gas from generations of star formation. Together with the ground-based measurement of a low-velocity dispersion, the small core radius implies a 107 yr relaxation time, suggesting the cluster core may have collapsed. An upper limit of 9 x 10^4 M_☉ can be put on the mass of any central black hole.

Additional Information

© 1996 American Astronomical Society. Provided by the NASA Astrophysics Data System. Received 1995 August 28; accepted 1996 February 6. We would like to thank Gary Da Costa and Tim de Zeeuw for useful comments on many aspects of this work and John Kormendy for generous discussions of the dynamical state of the nucleus. One of us (D. H. J.) acknowledges the financial support of a This research was carried out by the WFPC2 Investigation Definition Team for JPL and was sponsored by NASA through contract NAS7-1260.

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Published - 1996ApJ___466__742J.pdf


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August 19, 2023
October 19, 2023