Supergiant elasticity and fracture of 3D spirally wound MoS₂
Recently experimentally synthesized three-dimensional (3D) MoS₂MoS₂ spiral is a new kind of helical structure with technically robust properties. Among them, the mechanical properties of such appealing materials are indispensable but remain unexplored. Here, the stretching characteristics of 3D spirally wound MoS₂MoS₂ as a new type of mechanical nanospring are explored by using large-scale molecular dynamic (MD) simulations. It is revealed that the MoS₂MoS₂ spiral structures not only exhibit unique sawtooth-like tensile responses inaccessible from conventional springs, but also hold high stretching deformation capabilities. Surprisingly, there is a critical inner radius which induces a jump of elasticity but not in the tensile strength; below it yields elastic strain of less than 320%, while above which the elastic strain is over 1900%. The supergiant elasticity is primarily caused by the sliding–reorientation action, stepwise opening and elastic deformation of nanoribbons of MoS₂MoS₂ spirals. Moreover, imposed strain energy is mainly absorbed by the inner edges of MoS₂MoS₂ spirals, and MoS₂MoS₂ spirals catastrophically fail at the corner of the inner hexagon-edge of buckled MoS₂MoS₂ nanoribbons that are more stress-concentrated. This study provides important insights into facile design of MoS₂MoS₂ spiral-based nanosprings with supergiant elongation capability for practical applications.
© 2020 Springer-Verlag. Received 31 July 2019; Accepted 18 January 2020; Published 03 February 2020. This work is financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11772278 and 11502221), the Jiangxi Provincial Outstanding Young Talents Program (20192BCBL23029), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Xiamen University: Grant Nos. 20720180014, 20720180018 and 20720160088), Fujian Provincial Department of Science & Technology (2017J05028), "111" Project (B16029) and the 1000 Talents Program from Xiamen University. The computational resources were provided by the Norwegian Metacenter for Computational Science (NOTUR NN9110K and NN9391K).