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Published May 2021 | Accepted Version + Published
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Overview of KAGRA: Calibration, detector characterization, physical environmental monitors, and the geophysics interferometer

Akutsu, T. ORCID icon
Ando, M.
Arai, K.
Arai, Y.
Araki, S.
Araya, A.
Aritomi, N.
Asada, H.
Aso, Y.
Bae, S.
Bae, Y.
Baiotti, L.
Bajpai, R.
Barton, M. A. ORCID icon
Cannon, K.
Cao, Z.
Capocasa, E. ORCID icon
Chan, M.
Chen, C.
Chen, K.
Chen, Y.
Chiang, C.-Y. ORCID icon
Chu, H.
Chu, Y.-K
Eguchi, S.
Enomoto, Y.
Flaminio, R.
Fujii, Y.
Fujikawa, Y.
Fukunaga, M.
Fukushima, M.
Gao, D.
Ge, G.
Ha, S.
Hagiwara, A.
Haino, S.
Han, W.-B.
Hasegawa, K.
Hattori, K.
Hayakawa, H.
Hayama, K.
Himemoto, Y.
Hiranuma, Y.
Hirata, N.
Hirose, E.
Hong, Z.
Hsieh, B.
Huang, G.-Z.
Huang, H.-Y.
Huang, P.
Huang, Y.-C.
Huang, Y.
Hui, D. C. Y.
Ide, S.
Ikenoue, B.
Imam, S.
Inayoshi, K.
Inoue, Y.
Ioka, K.
Ito, K.
Itoh, Y.
Izumi, K.
Jeon, C.
Jin, H.-B.
Jung, K.
Jung, P.
Kaihotsu, K.
Kajita, T.
Kakizaki, M.
Kamiizumi, M.
Kanda, N.
Kang, G.
Kawaguchi, K.
Kawai, N.
Kawasaki, T.
Kim, C. ORCID icon
Kim, J.
Kim, J. C.
Kim, W. S.
Kim, Y.-M.
Kimura, N.
Kita, N.
Kitazawa, H.
Kojima, Y.
Kokeyama, K.
Komori, K. ORCID icon
Kong, A. K. H. ORCID icon
Kotake, K.
Kozakai, C.
Kozu, R.
Kumar, R.
Kume, J.
Kuo, C.
Kuo, H.-S.
Kuromiya, Y.
Kuroyanagi, S.
Kusayanagi, K.
Kwak, K.
Lee, H. K.
Lee, H. W. ORCID icon
Lee, R.
Leonardi, M.
Li, K. L. ORCID icon
Lin, L. C.-C.
Lin, C.-Y.
Lin, F.-K.
Lin, F.-L.
Lin, H. L.
Liu, G. C.
Luo, L.-W.
Majorana, E.
Marchio, M.
Michimura, Y.
Mio, N.
Miyakawa, O.
Miyamoto, A.
Miyazaki, Y.
Miyo, K.
Miyoki, S.
Mori, Y.
Morisaki, S.
Moriwaki, Y.
Nagano, K.
Nagano, S.
Nakamura, K.
Nakano, H.
Nakano, M.
Nakashima, R.
Nakayama, Y.
Narikawa, T.
Naticchioni, L.
Negishi, R.
Nguyen Quynh, L. ORCID icon
Ni, W.-T.
Nishizawa, A.
Nozaki, S.
Obuchi, Y.
Ogaki, W.
Oh, J. J. ORCID icon
Oh, K. ORCID icon
Oh, S. H.
Ohashi, M.
Ohishi, N.
Ohkawa, M.
Ohta, H.
Okutani, Y.
Okutomi, K.
Oohara, K.
Ooi, C.
Oshino, S.
Otabe, S.
Pan, K.
Pang, H.
Parisi, A.
Park, J.
Peña Arellano, F. E. ORCID icon
Pinto, I.
Sago, N.
Saito, S.
Saito, Y.
Sakai, K.
Sakai, Y.
Sakuno, Y.
Sato, S.
Sato, T.
Sawada, T.
Sekiguchi, T.
Sekiguchi, Y.
Shao, L. ORCID icon
Shibagaki, S.
Shimizu, R.
Shimoda, T. ORCID icon
Shimode, K.
Shinkai, H. ORCID icon
Shishido, T.
Shoda, A. ORCID icon
Somiya, K.
Son, E. J. ORCID icon
Sotani, H.
Sugimoto, R.
Suresh, J.
Suzuki, T.
Suzuki, T.
Tagoshi, H.
Takahashi, H.
Takahashi, R.
Takamori, A.
Takano, S.
Takeda, H.
Takeda, M.
Tanaka, H.
Tanaka, K.
Tanaka, K.
Tanaka, T.
Tanaka, T.
Tanioka, S. ORCID icon
Tapia San Martin, E. N.
Telada, S.
Tomaru, T.
Tomigami, Y.
Tomura, T.
Travasso, F. ORCID icon
Trozzo, L.
Tsang, T.
Tsao, J.-S.
Tsubono, K.
Tsuchida, S.
Tsutsui, T.
Tsuzuki, T.
Tuyenbayev, D.
Uchikata, N.
Uchiyama, T.
Ueda, A.
Uehara, T.
Ueno, K.
Ueshima, G.
Uraguchi, F.
Ushiba, T.
van Putten, M. H. P. M.
Vocca, H. ORCID icon
Wang, J.
Washimi, T. ORCID icon
Wu, C.
Wu, H.
Wu, S.
Xu, W.-R.
Yamada, T.
Yamamoto, K.
Yamamoto, K.
Yamamoto, T.
Yamashita, K.
Yamazaki, R.
Yang, Y.
Yokogawa, K.
Yokoyama, J.
Yokozawa, T.
Yoshioka, T.
Yuzurihara, H.
Zeidler, S.
Zhan, M.
Zhang, H.
Zhao, Y.
Zhu, Z.-H.


KAGRA is a newly built gravitational wave observatory, a laser interferometer with a 3 km arm length, located at Kamioka, Gifu, Japan. In this series of articles we present an overview of the baseline KAGRA, for which we finished installing the designed configuration in 2019. This article describes the method of calibration (CAL) used for reconstructing gravitational wave signals from the detector outputs, as well as the characterization of the detector (DET). We also review the physical environmental monitoring (PEM) system and the geophysics interferometer (GIF). Both are used for characterizing and evaluating the data quality of the gravitational wave channel. They play important roles in utilizing the detector output for gravitational wave searches. These characterization investigations will be even more important in the near future, once gravitational wave detection has been achieved, and in using KAGRA in the gravitational wave astronomy era.

Additional Information

© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Physical Society of Japan. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted reuse, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received: 19 September 2018; Revision received: 08 February 2021; Accepted: 08 February 2021; Published: 22 February 2021. This work was supported by MEXT, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Leading-edge Research Infrastructure Program, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research 26000005, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas 2905: JP17H06358, JP17H06361, and JP17H06364, JSPS Core-to-Core Program A. Advanced Research Networks, JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S) 17H06133, the joint research program of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, National Research Foundation (NRF) and Computing Infrastructure Project of KISTI-GSDC in Korea, Academia Sinica (AS), AS Grid Center (ASGC) and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MoST) in Taiwan under grants including AS-CDA-105-M06, the LIGO project, and the Virgo project. The GIF was also supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP17H06207, the Joint Research Program of the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research (ICRR), University of Tokyo (2019-F19), and the Joint Usage/Research Center program of the Earthquake Research Institute (ERI), University of Tokyo (2019-B-03). Detchar was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number JP18K03671. PEM was supprted by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 19J01299 and 20H05256. The authors would like to thank Enago (www.enago.jp) for the English language review.

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