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Published July 17, 2013 | Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Upgrading Light Hydrocarbons via Tandem Catalysis: A Dual Homogeneous Ta/Ir System for Alkane/Alkene Coupling


Light alkanes and alkenes are abundant but are underutilized as energy carriers because of their high volatility and low energy density. A tandem catalytic approach for the coupling of alkanes and alkenes has been developed in order to upgrade these light hydrocarbons into heavier fuel molecules. This process involves alkane dehydrogenation by a pincer-ligated iridium complex and alkene dimerization by a Cp*TaCl_2(alkene) catalyst. These two homogeneous catalysts operate with up to 60/30 cooperative turnovers (Ir/Ta) in the dimerization of 1-hexene/n-heptane, giving C_(13)/C_(14) products in 40% yield. This dual system can also effect the catalytic dimerization of n-heptane (neohexene as the H_2 acceptor) with cooperative turnover numbers of 22/3 (Ir/Ta).

Additional Information

© 2013 American Chemical Society. Received: May 23, 2013; Published: June 25, 2013. This work was funded by BP through the XC2 Program. D.C.L. thanks NSERC for a PDF.

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Supplemental Material - ja405191a_si_001.pdf


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