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Published July 2010 | Published
Journal Article Open

The Herschel Lensing Survey (HLS): Overview


The Herschel Lensing Survey (HLS) will conduct deep PACS and SPIRE imaging of ∼40 massive clusters of galaxies. The strong gravitational lensing power of these clusters will enable us to penetrate through the confusion noise, which sets the ultimate limit on our ability to probe the Universe with Herschel. Here we present an overview of our survey and a summary of the major results from our science demonstration phase (SDP) observations of the Bullet cluster (z = 0.297). The SDP data are rich and allow us to study not only the background high-redshift galaxies (e.g., strongly lensed and distorted galaxies at z = 2.8 and 3.2) but also the properties of cluster-member galaxies. Our preliminary analysis shows a great diversity of far-infrared/submillimeter spectral energy distributions (SEDs), indicating that we have much to learn with Herschel about the properties of galaxy SEDs. We have also detected the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect increment with the SPIRE data. The success of this SDP program demonstrates the great potential of the Herschel Lensing Survey to produce exciting results in a variety of science areas.

Additional Information

© 2010 ESO. Received 1 April 2010, Accepted 19 May 2010, Published online 16 July 2010. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA. Data presented in this paper were analyzed using "The Herschel interactive processing environment (HIPE)", a joint development by the Herschel Science Ground Segment Consortium, consisting of ESA, the NASA Herschel Science Center, and the HIFI, PACS and SPIRE consortia. We thank the following people for providing various data sets/information to us: D. Clowe (Magellan/IMACS images), S. M. Chung and A. H. Gonzalez (IMACS spectroscopic redshifts), J.-G. Cuby (VLT/HAWKI images), D. Johansson, C. Horellou, and the LABOCA team (LABOCA map), and D. Hughes, I. Aretxaga, and the AzTEC team (AzTEC map and far-infrared photometric redshifts). We thank the NASA Herschel Science Center for its excellent user support, and the International Space Science Institute in Berne for their support through the International team 181. EE would like to thank D. Elbaz for communicating his results before publication. This work is based in part on observations made with Herschel, a European Space Agency Cornerstone Mission with significant participation by NASA. Support for this work was provided by NASA through an award issued by JPL/Caltech.

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