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Published October 15, 2005 | Published
Journal Article Open

Search for gravitational waves from galactic and extra-galactic binary neutron stars

Abbott, B. P.
Abbott, R.
Adhikari, Rana X. ORCID icon
Ageev, A.
Allen, B.
Amin, R.
Anderson, S. B.
Anderson, W. G.
Araya, M.
Armandula, H.
Ashley, M.
Asiri, F.
Aufmuth, P.
Aulbert, C.
Babak, S.
Balasubramanian, R.
Ballmer, S.
Barish, B. C.
Barker, C.
Barker, D.
Barnes, M.
Barr, B.
Barton, M. A.
Bayer, K.
Beausoleil, R.
Belczynski, K.
Bennett, R.
Berukoff, S. J.
Betzwieser, J.
Bhawal, B.
Bilenko, I. A.
Billingsley, G. ORCID icon
Black, E.
Blackburn, K.
Blackburn, L.
Bland, B.
Bochner, B.
Bogue, L.
Bork, R.
Bose, S. ORCID icon
Brady, P. R. ORCID icon
Braginsky, V. B.
Brau, J. E.
Brown, D. A. ORCID icon
Bullington, A.
Bunkowski, A.
Buonanno, A.
Burgess, R.
Busby, D.
Butler, W. E.
Byer, R. L. ORCID icon
Cadonati, L.
Cagnoli, G.
Camp, J. B.
Cantley, C. A.
Cardenas, L.
Carter, K.
Casey, M. M.
Castiglione, J.
Chandler, A.
Chapsky, J.
Charlton, P.
Chatterji, S.
Chelkowski, S.
Chen, Y. ORCID icon
Chickarmane, V.
Chin, D.
Christensen, N.
Churches, D.
Cokelaer, T.
Colacino, C.
Coldwell, R.
Coles, M.
Cook, D.
Corbitt, T. ORCID icon
Coyne, D. ORCID icon
Creighton, J. D. E.
Creighton, T. D.
Crooks, D. R. M.
Csatorday, P.
Cusack, B. J.
Cutler, C.
D'Ambrosio, E.
Danzmann, K.
Daw, E.
DeBra, D.
Delker, T.
Dergachev, V.
DeSalvo, R.
Dhurandhar, S.
Di Credico, A.
Díaz, M.
Ding, H.
Drever, R. W. P.
Dupuis, R. J.
Edlund, J. A.
Ehrens, P.
Elliffe, E. J.
Etzel, T.
Evans, M.
Evans, T.
Fairhurst, S.
Fallnich, C.
Farnham, D.
Fejer, M. M. ORCID icon
Findley, T.
Fine, M.
Finn, L. S.
Franzen, K. Y.
Freise, A. ORCID icon
Frey, R.
Fritschel, P.
Frolov, V. V.
Fyffe, M.
Ganezer, K. S.
Garofoli, J.
Giaime, J. A.
Gillespie, A.
Goda, K.
González, G.
Goßler, S.
Grandclément, P.
Grant, A.
Gray, C.
Gretarsson, A. M.
Grimmett, D.
Grote, H.
Grunewald, S.
Guenther, M.
Gustafson, E.
Gustafson, R.
Hamilton, W. O.
Hammond, M.
Hanson, J.
Hardham, C.
Harms, J. ORCID icon
Harry, G.
Hartunian, A.
Heefner, J.
Hefetz, Y.
Heinzel, G.
Heng, I. S.
Hennessy, M.
Hepler, N.
Heptonstall, A.
Heurs, M.
Hewitson, M.
Hild, S.
Hindman, N.
Hoang, P.
Hough, J.
Hrynevych, M.
Hua, W.
Ito, M.
Itoh, Y.
Ivanov, A.
Jennrich, O.
Johnson, B.
Johnson, W. W.
Johnston, W. R.
Jones, D. I.
Jones, L.
Jungwirth, D.
Kalogera, V. ORCID icon
Katsavounidis, E.
Kawabe, K.
Kawamura, S.
Kells, W.
Kern, J.
Khan, A.
Killbourn, S.
Killow, C. J.
Kim, C.
King, C.
King, P.
Klimenko, S.
Koranda, S.
Kötter, K.
Kovalik, J.
Kozak, D. ORCID icon
Krishnan, B.
Landry, M.
Langdale, J.
Lantz, B.
Lawrence, R.
Lazzarini, A.
Lei, M.
Leonor, I.
Libbrecht, K. ORCID icon
Libson, A.
Lindquist, P.
Liu, S.
Logan, J.
Lormand, M.
Lubinski, M.
Lück, H.
Lyons, T. T.
Machenschalk, B.
MacInnis, M.
Mageswaran, M.
Mailand, K.
Majid, W.
Malec, M.
Mann, F.
Marin, A.
Márka, S.
Maros, E.
Mason, J.
Mason, K.
Matherny, O.
Matone, L.
Mavalvala, N.
McCarthy, R.
McClelland, D. E.
McHugh, M.
McNabb, J. W. C.
Mendell, G.
Mercer, R. A.
Meshkov, S.
Messaritaki, E.
Messenger, C.
Mitrofanov, V. P.
Mitselmakher, G.
Mittleman, R.
Miyakawa, O.
Miyoki, S.
Mohanty, S.
Moreno, G.
Mossavi, K.
Mueller, G. ORCID icon
Mukherjee, S.
Murray, P.
Myers, J.
Nagano, S.
Nash, T.
Nayak, R.
Newton, G.
Nocera, F.
Noel, J. S.
Nutzman, P.
Olson, T.
O'Reilly, B.
Ottaway, D. J. ORCID icon
Ottewill, A.
Ouimette, D.
Overmier, H.
Owen, J.
Pan, Y.
Papa, M. A.
Parameshwaraiah, V.
Parameswaran, A.
Parameswariah, C.
Pedraza, M.
Penn, S.
Pitkin, M.
Plissi, M.
Prix, R.
Quetschke, V. ORCID icon
Raab, F.
Radkins, H.
Rahkola, R.
Rakhmanov, M.
Rao, S. R.
Rawlins, K.
Ray-Majumder, S.
Re, V.
Redding, D.
Regehr, M. W.
Regimbau, T.
Reid, S.
Reilly, K. T.
Reithmaier, K.
Reitze, D. H.
Richman, S.
Riesen, R.
Riles, K.
Rivera, B.
Rizzi, A.
Robertson, D. I.
Robertson, N. A.
Robison, L.
Roddy, S.
Rollins, J.
Romano, J. D.
Romie, J.
Rong, H.
Rose, D.
Rotthoff, E.
Rowan, S.
Rüdiger, A.
Russell, P.
Ryan, K.
Salzman, I.
Sandberg, V.
Sanders, G. H.
Sannibale, V.
Sathyaprakash, B.
Saulson, P. R.
Savage, R.
Sazonov, A.
Schilling, R.
Schlaufman, K.
Schmidt, V.
Schnabel, R. ORCID icon
Schofield, R.
Schutz, B. F.
Schwinberg, P.
Scott, S. M.
Seader, S. E.
Searle, A. C.
Sears, B.
Seel, S.
Seifert, F.
Sengupta, A. S.
Shapiro, C. A.
Shawhan, P.
Shoemaker, D. H.
Shu, Q. Z.
Sibley, A.
Siemens, X.
Sievers, L.
Sigg, D.
Sintes, A. M.
Smith, R.
Smith, M. ORCID icon
Smith, M. R.
Sneddon, P. H.
Spero, R.
Stapfer, G.
Steussy, D.
Strain, K. A.
Strom, D.
Stuver, A.
Summerscales, T.
Sumner, M. C.
Sutton, P. J.
Sylvestre, J.
Takamori, A.
Tanner, D. B. ORCID icon
Tariq, H.
Taylor, I.
Taylor, R.
Taylor, R.
Thorne, K. A.
Thorne, K. S.
Tibbits, M.
Tilav, S.
Tinto, M. ORCID icon
Tokmakov, K. V.
Torres, C.
Torrie, C.
Traylor, G.
Tyler, W.
Ugolini, D.
Ungarelli, C.
Vallisneri, M. ORCID icon
van Putten, M.
Vass, S.
Vecchio, A. ORCID icon
Veitch, J.
Vorvick, C.
Vyachanin, S. P.
Wallace, L.
Walther, H.
Ward, H.
Ware, B.
Watts, K.
Webber, D.
Weidner, A.
Weiland, U.
Weiss, R.
Welling, H.
Wen, L.
Wen, S.
Whelan, J. T.
Whitcomb, S. E.
Whiting, B. F. ORCID icon
Wiley, S.
Wilkinson, C.
Willems, P. A.
Williams, P. R.
Williams, R. ORCID icon
Willke, B.
Wilson, A.
Winjum, B. J.
Winkler, W.
Wise, S.
Wiseman, A. G.
Woan, G.
Woods, D.
Wooley, R.
Worden, J.
Wu, W.
Yakushin, I.
Yamamoto, H.
Yoshida, S.
Zaleski, K. D.
Zanolin, M.
Zawischa, I.
Zhang, L. ORCID icon
Zhu, R.
Zotov, N.
Zucker, M. ORCID icon
Zweizig, J. ORCID icon
Weinstein, Alan J. ORCID icon


We use 373 hours (≈15 days) of data from the second science run of the LIGO gravitational-wave detectors to search for signals from binary neutron star coalescences within a maximum distance of about 1.5 Mpc, a volume of space which includes the Andromeda Galaxy and other galaxies of the Local Group of galaxies. This analysis requires a signal to be found in data from detectors at the two LIGO sites, according to a set of coincidence criteria. The background (accidental coincidence rate) is determined from the data and is used to judge the significance of event candidates. No inspiral gravitational-wave events were identified in our search. Using a population model which includes the Local Group, we establish an upper limit of less than 47 inspiral events per year per Milky Way equivalent galaxy with 90% confidence for nonspinning binary neutron star systems with component masses between 1 and 3M☉.

Additional Information

© 2005 American Physical Society. Received 30 May 2005; published 25 October 2005. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the United States National Science Foundation for the construction and operation of the LIGO Laboratory, and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council of the United Kingdom, the Max-Planck-Society, and the State of Niedersachsen/Germany for support of the construction and operation of the GEO600 detector. The authors also gratefully acknowledge the support of the research by these agencies and by the Australian Research Council, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research of India, the Department of Science and Technology of India, the Spanish Ministerio de Educacion y Ciencia, the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation, the Leverhulme Trust, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.

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