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Published July 2020 | Submitted + Published
Journal Article Open

A Search for Extra-Tidal RR Lyrae in the Globular Cluster NGC 5024 and NGC 5053


Recently, Kundu et al (2019) reported that the globular cluster NGC 5024 (M53) possesses five extra-tidal RR Lyrae. In fact, four of them were instead known members of a nearby globular cluster NGC 5053. The status of the remaining extra-tidal RR Lyrae is controversial depending on the adopted tidal radius of NGC 5024. We have also searched for additional extra-tidal RR Lyrae within an area of ∼8~deg² covering both globular clusters. This includes other known RR Lyrae within the search area, as well as stars that fall within the expected range of magnitudes and colors for RR Lyrae (and yet outside the cutoff of 2/3 of the tidal radii of each globular clusters for something to be called "extra-tidal") if they were extra-tidal RR Lyrae candidates for NGC 5024 or NGC 5053. Based on the the proper motion information and their locations on the color-magnitude diagram, none of the known RR Lyrae belong to the extra-tidal RR Lyrae of either globular clusters. In the cases where the stars satisfied the magnitude and color ranges of RR Lyrae, analysis of time series data taken from the Zwicky Transient Facility do not reveal periodicities, suggesting that none of these stars are RR Lyrae. We conclude that there are no extra-tidal RR Lyrae associated with either NGC 5024 or NGC 5053 located within our search area.

Additional Information

© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. Received 2020 April 9; revised 2020 May 8; accepted 2020 May 12; published 2020 June 18. We thank the useful discussions and comments from T. de Boer, P. Mroz and an anonymous referee to improve the manuscript. We thank the funding from Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan) under the contract 107-2119-M-008-014-MY2, 107-2119-M-008 012 and 108-2628-M-007-005-RSP. Based on observations obtained with the Samuel Oschin Telescope 48-inch and the 60-inch Telescope at the Palomar Observatory as part of the Zwicky Transient Facility project. Major funding has been provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation under Grant No. AST-1440341 and by the ZTF partner institutions: the California Institute of Technology, the Oskar Klein Centre, the Weizmann Institute of Science, the University of Maryland, the University of Washington, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, and the TANGO Program of the University System of Taiwan. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium). Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database and the VizieR catalogue access tool, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This research has made use of the International Variable Star Index (VSX) database, operated at AAVSO, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. This research made use of Astropy,10 a community-developed core Python package for Astronomy (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2013, 2018). Facility: Gaia, PO:1.2m Software: Astropy package (Astropy Collaboration et al. 2013, 2018), Astroquery (Ginsburg et al. 2019)

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Published - Ngeow_2020_AJ_160_31.pdf

Submitted - 2005.06088.pdf


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August 22, 2023
October 20, 2023