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Published July 1994 | public
Journal Article Open

Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of a Rhenium Oxo-Vinylalkylidene Complex


The reaction of 3 equiv of KOC(CF_3)_2Me with ReOCl_3(PPh_3)_2 in dichloromethane, followed by recrystallization from hexanes/THF, gives ReO[OC(CF_3)_2Me]_3(THF)_2( 1) in 35 7% yield. An X-ray diffraction study of 1 (monoclinic, P2_1/n, a = 10.010(3) Å, b = 29.247(6) Å, c = 10.800(3) Å, β = 117.09(1)', Z = 4) reveals a facial arrangement of the three alkoxide ligands around the metal center in a distorted octahedron. The ligand environment in 1 is quite crowded, as evidenced by an elongated Re-O bond between rhenium and one of the THF ligands. The reaction of 3,3-diphenylcyclopropene with 1 in dichloromethane gives initially a mixture of two isomeric rhenium oxo-vinylalkylidene complexes, of which the isomer syn,mer-ReO[C(H)-CH=CPh_2] [OC(CF3)2Me]3(THF) (2b) was isolated in 87% yield. An X-ray diffraction study of 2b (triclinic, P1^(bar), a = 10.459(3) Å, b = 10.913(3) Å, c = 21.308(6) Å, α = 91.16(3)°,β = 102.05-(2)°, γ = 117.98(2)°, 2 = 2) supports a pseudooctahedral structure with mutually trans vinylalkylidene and THF ligands. Complex 2b does not react readily with internal or terminal olefins; however, the addition of GaBr_3 (1 equiv) to 2b yields moderately active catalyst(s) that metathesize cis-2-pentene at ~6.7 turnovers min^(-1). No propagating alkylidene species are observed during the metathesis reaction.

Additional Information

© 1994 American Chemical Society. Received February 14, 1994. Financial support from the National Science Foundation and DuPont is gratefully acknowledged. B.T.F. thanks Caltech for an Institute Fellowship. We thank S. T. Nguyen and Drs. R. A. Paciello, L. K. Johnson, M. R. Gagné, and C. Fraser for many helpful discussions and N. Jones and W. Marshall for assistance with the X-ray structure determinations.

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August 20, 2023
August 20, 2023