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Published January 1957 | Reprint
Journal Article Open

Effect of the Volute on Performance of a Centrifugal-Pump Impeller


An experimental study of volute influence on radial flow-impeller performance was conducted by operating a single impeller with three different sets of volute vanes. In each case, over-all performance was measured and an internal-flow study within the volute was made. The results show that at their respective design flow rates the influence of the volutes is least and the deviation of performance from the free-impeller operation is small. At off-design flow rates there are major changes in the impeller performance resulting from the presence of the volutes. Large real fluid effects, coupled with a nonuniform velocity pattern at the impeller exit, result in a flow through the volute that does not resemble a potential flow. Even so, the fluid losses through the volute are comparatively small.

Additional Information

©1957 ASME. Contributed by the Hydraulic Division and presented at a joint session of the Hydraulic and Gas Turbine Power Divisions at the Semi-Annual Meeting, Cleveland, Ohio, June 17-21, 1956, of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. Manuscript received at ASME Headquarters, March 16, 1956. Paper No. 56-SA-45. This work was supported by the Office of Naval Research.

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August 19, 2023
October 17, 2023