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Published March 15, 1957 | Published
Journal Article Open

Cloud Chamber Investigation of Anomalous θ^0 Particles


Eighteen anomalous θ^0, (θ^0_(anom)), decay events observed in the California Institute of Technology magnet cloud chambers have been analyzed. Many of these decays are dynamically inconsistent with the τ^0→π^++π^−+π^0 scheme, but most are consistent with the decay processes: θ^0_(anom)→π^++π^−+γ, π^±+μ^∓+ν, and π^±+e^∓+ν. However, at least one event is inconsistent with each decay scheme. From the locations of the decays in the cloud chamber, the lifetime is found to be significantly longer than that of the normal θ^0 particle, called here the θ^0_(π2) particle. Other differences in the behavior of the θ0anom and θ^0_(π2) particles were also observed in the (a) momentum distributions, (b) origin locations, (c) relative numbers of θ^0_(anom) and θ^0_(π2) particles traveling upward, and (d) the types of V particles produced in association with the θ^0_(anom) and θ^0_(π2). It is concluded that not all the θ^0_(anom) decays can result from alternate decay modes of the θ^0_(π2). Moreover, many decays can be neither τ^0 decays nor alternate decays of the θ^0_(π2). The characteristics of the θ^0_2 particle proposed by Gell-Mann and Pais are consistent with those of the θ^0_(anom) particle, with the possible exception of the observed types of associations. An estimate was made of the relative number of θ^0_(anom) to θ^0_(π2) particles observed to decay in the cloud chamber. If all θ^0_(anom) decays are assumed to arise from decays of the θ^0_2 particle, then a lower limit for the θ^0_2 lifetime is found to be about 10^(−9) sec.

Additional Information

© 1957 The American Physical Society. (Received December 14, 1956). We wish to thank Dr. E. W. Cowan for his helpful comments and permission to use several θ^0_(anom) events from his chamber. We are also indebted to Dr. C. A. Rouse for the use of an excellent event obtained by him, and to Mr. Gerry Neugebauer and Mr. Robert Luttermoser for their generous assistance in numerous ways. Assisted by the joint program of the Office of Naval Research and the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission.

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Published - PhysRev.105.1862.pdf


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