Sequential Change-Point Detection Procedures That are Nearly Optimal and Computationally Simple
Sequential schemes for detecting a change in distribution often require that all of the observations be stored in memory. Lai (1995, Journal of Royal Statistical Society, Series B 57 : 613 – 658) proposed a class of detection schemes that enable one to retain a finite window of the most recent observations, yet promise first-order optimality. The asymptotics are such that the window size is asymptotically unbounded. We argue that what's of computational importance isn't having a finite window of observations, but rather making do with a finite number of registers. We illustrate in the context of detecting a change in the parameter of an exponential family that one can achieve eventually even second-order asymptotic optimality through using only three registers for storing information of the past. We propose a very simple procedure, and show by simulation that it is highly efficient for typical applications.