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Published December 7, 2009 | Supplemental Material + Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

The Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Kinetic Resolution of Secondary Alcohols: Reaction Development, Scope, and Applications


The first palladium-catalyzed enantioselective oxidation of secondary alcohols has been developed, utilizing the readily available diamine (-)-sparteine as a chiral ligand and molecular oxygen as the stoichiometric oxidant. Mechanistic insights regarding the role of the base and hydrogen-bond donors have resulted in several improvements to the original system. Namely, addition of cesium carbonate and tert-butyl alcohol greatly enhances reaction rates, promoting rapid resolutions. The use of chloroform as solvent allows the use of ambient air as the terminal oxidant at 23 °C, resulting in enhanced catalyst selectivity. These improved reaction conditions have permitted the successful kinetic resolution of benzylic, allylic, and cyclopropyl secondary alcohols to high enantiomeric excess with good-to-excellent selectivity factors. This catalyst system has also been applied to the desymmetrization of meso-diols, providing high yields of enantioenriched hydroxyketones.

Additional Information

© 2009 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Received: August 5, 2009. Published online: November 10, 2009. The authors are grateful to the NDSEG (predoctoral fellowship to D.C.E.), the NSF (predoctoral fellowships to D.C.E. and E.M.F.), the University of California TRDRP (predoctoral fellowship to J.T.B.), Bristol-Myers Squibb Company (predoctoral fellowship to E.M.F.), the American Chemical Society Division of Organic Chemistry and Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation (predoctoral fellowship to R.M.T.), Eli Lilly (predoctoral fellowships to D.D.C. and R.M.M.), the NIH-NIGMS (R01GM65961-01), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Award No. KUS-I1-006–02), California Institute of Technology, A. P. Sloan Foundation, the Dreyfus Foundation, Research Corporation, Abbott, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Boehringer-Ingelheim, GlaxoSmithKline, Johnson and Johnson, Eli Lilly, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, and Roche for generous funding.

Attached Files

Accepted Version - nihms194467.pdf

Supplemental Material - sm001.pdf


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