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Published January 7, 2013 | Accepted Version
Book Section - Chapter Open

Differential Interferometric Measurement of Instability at Two Points in a Hypervelocity Boundary Layer


The focused laser differential interferometer (FLDI) was used to investigate disturbances in a hypervelocity boundary layer on a sharp five degree half-angle cone. The T5 hypervelocity free-piston driven reflected-shock tunnel was used as the test facility; in such a facility the study of thermo-chemical/fluid-dynamic energy exchange is emphasized. Two sensitive FLDI probe volumes were aligned along a generator of the cone that recorded time-traces of density fluctuation at sufficient time resolution, spatial resolution, and signal to noise ratio, so that the boundary layer instability could be resolved. This arrangement of the FLDI allows for the interpretation of disturbances at two points and the correlation between them. The acoustic instability is detected with narrow-band peaks in the spectral response at a number of frequencies (500 kHz to 1.29 MHz). The data indicate that the instability driving the boundary layer to turbulence is acoustic in nature. Preliminary analysis indicates that there is not a significant difference between N2 and air acoustic boundary layer disturbance amplification factors for the representative cases presented. Computation of acoustic damping by thermo-chemical relaxation processes is presented for the same representative cases, and indicates that there is a negligible amount of absorption for both air and N_2 at the observed disturbance frequencies.

Additional Information

© 2013 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. Thanks to Bahram Valiferdowsi of GALCIT for the isometric views of the solid model of the facility, and helping run it. Special thanks to Dr. Ross Wagnild of Sandia National Laboratories for performing the grid generation and general help with the computations. Thanks to Jason Damazo of GALCIT for his helpful discussions on high-speed imaging. Also, thanks to Joe Jewell for instrumenting the cone with high-speed thermocouples. This work was sponsored by AFOSR/National Center for Hypersonic Research in Laminar-Turbulent Transition, for which Dr. John Schmisseur and Dr. Deepak Bose are the program managers. The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of the Air Force Office of Scientific Research or the U.S. Government.

Attached Files

Accepted Version - 2013_AIAA_Differential_Interferometric_Measurement_of_Instability_at_Two_Points_in_a_Hypervelocity_Boundary_Layer.pdf



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August 19, 2023
October 18, 2023