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Published April 1978 | public
Journal Article

Structure of crystallized layers by laser annealing of 〈100〉 and 〈111〉 self-implanted silicon samples


Channeling effect techniques with a 2.0 MeV He⁺ Rutherford backscattering and transmission electron microscopy were used to characterize the crystallized layers after Q-switched ruby laser irradiation of 4000 Å thick amorphous layer on〈100〉and〈111〉underlined crystal substrates. At a laser energy density of 2.5 J/cm² the crystal layer on the〈111〉specimen contains a large density of stacking-faults, that on〈100〉specimen contains a very small amount of screw dislocation lines. High quality single-crystal layers have been obtained after irradiation at 3.5 J/cm². From a comparison with the growth rate and defect structure observed in thermally annealed implanted-amorphous layers, we propose that crystal growth by 50 ns pulse laser annealing occurs by melting the amorphous layer.

Additional Information

© 1978 Springer. Received 10 October 1977; Accepted 12 December 1977.

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