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Published June 2009 | Accepted Version
Book Section - Chapter Open

Reactant Jetting in Unstable Detonation


We note the common existence of a supersonic jet structure locally embedded within a surrounding transonic flow field in the hitherto unrelated phenomena of unstable gaseous detonation and hypervelocity blunt body shock wave interaction. Extending prior results that demonstrate the consequences of reduced endothermic reaction rate for the supersonic jet fluid in the blunt body case, we provide an explanation for observations of locally reduced OH PLIF signal in images of the keystone reaction zone structure of weakly unstable detonations. Modeling these flow features as exothermically reacting jets with similarly reduced reaction rates, we demonstrate a mechanism for jetting of bulk pockets of unreacted fluid with potentially differing kinetic pathways into the region behind the primary detonation front of strongly unstable mixtures. We examine the impact of mono-atomic and diatomic diluents on transverse structure. The results yield insight into the mechanisms of transition and characteristic features of both weakly and strongly unstable mixtures.

Additional Information

Manuscript prepared in honor of Prof. Hornung's 75th birthday. The five junior authors wish to express their gratitude to Prof. Hornung for his enthusiastic guidance and friendship over a period of many years. The citations referenced in this paper clearly articulate the powerful influence that Hans' prior studies have exerted on the direction of the current investigation. This work could never have begun without his leadership of the GALCIT community and his support for our privileged membership of it. We happily dedicate this manuscript to the celebration of his 75th birthday.

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