Welcome to the new version of CaltechAUTHORS. Login is currently restricted to library staff. If you notice any issues, please email coda@library.caltech.edu
Published September 1979 | public
Journal Article

Calculation of sulfate and nitrate levels in a growing, reacting aerosol


The temporal variation of particle size and chemical composition of a marine aerosol exposed to SO₂, NH₃, NO, NO₂, H₂SO₄ and H₂O vapor is studied to determine the effect of these parameters on the sulfate and nitrate levels in the particle. Results show that, for gas phase SO₂ oxidation to sulfate, and liquid phase nitrate formation, those parameters that enhance sulfate formation tend to inhibit nitrate formation, and vice versa. Further, for the situation considered, the ratio predicted for sulfate and nitrate ions to ammonium ions is very nearly that found if all these ions were present in the form of NH₄NO₃ and (NH₄)₂SO₄. This compares favorably with data on sulfate, nitrate and ammonium levels in the Los Angeles area. The model used is capable of representing a general growing, reacting aerosol; other cases studied by this approach are briefly outlined. Limitations of its use are discussed.

Additional Information

© 1979 American Institute of Chemical Engineers. This work was supported by National Science Foundation grants ENV76-04179 and ENG78-05414.

Additional details

August 22, 2023
October 18, 2023