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Published November 4, 2015 | Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

An averaged form of Chowla's conjecture


Let λ denote the Liouville function. A well-known conjecture of Chowla asserts that, for any distinct natural numbers h_1,..., h_k, one has [formula] as X → ∞. This conjecture remains unproven for any h_1,..., h_k with k ≥ 2. Using the recent results of Matomäki and Radziwiłł on mean values of multiplicative functions in short intervals, combined with an argument of Kátai and Bourgain, Sarnak, and Ziegler, we establish an averaged version of this conjecture, namely [forumla] X → ∞, whenever H = H(X) ≤ X goes to infinity as X → ∞ and k is fixed. Related to this, we give the exponential sum estimate [forumla] as X → ∞ uniformly for all α ∈ ℝ, with H as before. Our arguments in fact give quantitative bounds on the decay rate (roughly on the order of log log H= log H) and extend to more general bounded multiplicative functions than the Liouville function, yielding an averaged form of a (corrected) conjecture of Elliott.

Additional Information

©  2015 Mathematical Sciences Publishers. Communicated by Andrew Granville. Received: 17 April 2015; Revised: 28 August 2015; Accepted: 6 October 2015; Published: 4 November 2015. Tao was supported by a Simons Investigator grant, the James and Carol Collins Chair, the Mathematical Analysis & Application Research Fund Endowment, and NSF grant DMS-1266164. The authors thank Andrew Granville and the anonymous referee for useful comments and corrections.

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Accepted Version - 1503.05121


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