Evaluation and control of particle properties in aerosol reactors
The production of powders by aerosol routes spans a wide range of operating temperatures depending on the type of aerosol reactors used. The dominant mechanism of particle growth and evolution depends highly on the rate at which the reactions producing the condensible species are carried out. Numerical solutions of the discrete-sectional aerosol general dynamic equation that accounts for the interactions of the discrete clusters were obtained for conditions representative of the different types of aerosol reactors used for powder production today. Simplified reaction and coagulation equations that give fast and useful prediction of the evolution of aerosols associated with chemical reactions were derived, and a simple reaction-coagulation model was developed. The effects of reaction rate, initial vapor concentration, residence time, seed particles, and temperature profile on the properties of fine particles produced by gas-phase chemical reactions were evaluated using both models. Results show good agreement between the two.
© 1988 AIChE. Manuscript received Nov. 2, 1987, and revision received Apr. 7, 1988. This work was supported in part by the Program in Advanced Technologies of the California Institute of Technology, sponsored by Aerojet General, General Motors, GTE, and TRW.