Modulating the Properties of Azulene‐Containing Polymers through Controlled Incorporation of Regioisomers
Two libraries of random conjugated polymers are presented that incorporate varying ratios of regioisomeric azulene units connected via the 5‐membered or 7‐membered ring in combination with bithiophene or fluorene comonomers. It is demonstrated that the optoelectronic and stimuli‐responsive properties of the materials can be systematically modulated by tuning the relative percentage of each azulene building block in the polymer backbone. Significantly, these materials exhibit stimuli‐responsive behavior in the solid state with spin‐coated thin films undergoing rapid and reversible color switching. Ultimately, this work introduces a new design strategy in which the optoelectronic properties of conjugated polymers can be modulated by varying only the regiochemistry of the constituent building blocks along a polymer chain.
Additional Information© 2014 Wiley‐VCH. Manuscript received: 29 July 2014. Manuscript revised: 24 August 2014. Version of Record online: 12 September 2014. The authors thank the MRSEC program of the National Science Foundation (Award No. DMR–1121053) for partial financial support. M.J.R. gratefully acknowledges funding from UC Regents, CSP Technologies, and the DOE Office of Science Graduate Fellowship Program (DOE‐SCGF, administered by ORISE‐ORAU under Contract No. DE–AC05–06OR23100). M.M. thanks the JSPS Research Fellowships for Young Scientists.
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