Locations of selected small earthquakes in the Zagros mountains
The Zagros mountains of southern Iran are marked by a zone of high seismicity and accommodate a significant portion of the convergence between Arabia and Eurasia. Due to the lack of dense local seismic or geodetic networks, the inferred kinematics of the collision in Iran is mainly based on catalogs of teleseismically determined earthquake locations. We surveyed all Mw > 4.5 earthquakes in the Harvard Centroid Moment Tensor (HCMT) and International Seismological Centre (ISC) catalogs that occurred in the Zagros mountains during the period 1992–2002 and that were spanned by Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) images from the ERS 1 and 2 satellites. We invert the observed deformation for the best fitting point source, single fault plane, and distributed fault slip for four earthquakes and one unexplained deformation event. We find that we can precisely locate earthquakes that are too small to be well-located by either the HCMT or ISC catalogs, allowing us to tie specific earthquakes to active geologic structures.