Doping evolution and polar surface reconstruction of the infinite-layer cuprate Sr_(1−x)La_xCuO_2
We use angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to study the doping evolution of infinite-layer Sr_(1−x)La_xCuO_2 thin films grown by molecular-beam epitaxy. At low doping, the material exhibits a dispersive lower Hubbard band typical of the superconducting cuprate parent compounds. As carriers are added to the system, a continuous evolution from charge-transfer insulator to superconductor is observed, with the initial lower Hubbard band pinned well below the Fermi level and the development of a coherent low-energy band with electron doping. This two-component spectral function emphasizes the important role that strong local correlations play even at relatively high doping levels. Electron diffraction probes reveal a p(2×2) surface reconstruction of the material at low doping levels. Using a number of simple assumptions, we develop a model of this reconstruction based on the polar nature of the infinite-layer structure. Finally, we provide evidence for a thickness-controlled transition in ultrathin films of SrCuO_2 grown on nonpolar SrTiO_3, highlighting the diverse structural changes that can occur in polar complex oxide thin films.
©2015 American Physical Society. (Received 15 June 2015; published 28 July 2015) We are grateful to Haofei Wei for help with sample characterization. This work was supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (Grant No. FA9550-11-1-0033) and the National Science Foundation through the MRSEC program (Grant No. DMR-1120296). L.M. was supported by the Army Research Office (Grant No. W911NF-09-1-0415), D.E.S. acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DGE-0707428 and through the IGERT program under Grant No. DGE-0654193, and E.J.M. acknowledges support from an NSERC PGS.
Submitted - 1508.03023v1.pdf
Published - PhysRevB.92.035149.pdf